Jan 16, 2023·edited Jan 16, 2023Liked by Misha Saul

two authors that touch on similar ideas

Joel Mokyr - Europe's competitive advantage came from porous cultural barriers, human talent could move around so the Industrial Revolution eventually reached escape velocity. He points to China as the counterexample but I could easily see the Ottoman Empire being something similar

Carrol Quigley - He posits that the Dark Ages in Europe separated, at least in the minds of Europeans, the concepts of society and the state. Lots of interesting arguments to be made about this being a necessary condition to move past the traditional empire societal structure

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Jan 15, 2023·edited Jan 15, 2023Liked by Misha Saul

As a modern Catholic I can confirm that, at least in my experience in Portugal and the UK, most modern Catholics appear to accept those Popes as examples of human fallibility and corruption of the human institution side of the Church. Not necessarily aberrations in that period, but maybe that period is viewed as something of an aberration.

Also, just to nitpick: the Portuguese navigator is called da Gama, not de Gama - but really the usual convention when referring to someone by surname only is to omit the particle and just say Gama; though that's not usually carried into English.


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Jan 15, 2023Liked by Misha Saul

Great reviews; thanks for posting!!

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Surely an increase in pc income after the plagues in a near subsistence, Malthusian economy is obvious enough not to need a special explanation. [The argument for immigration in modern day US/Europe depends a lot on selection for above average immigrants.]

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